Pages 10 - 12

 

WORKS CITED AND/OR REFERENCES PAGE

The list of works cited comprises the last section of a research report. It is an alphabetical listing of all the sources referred to in the text of the paper. At times you may be asked to supply an annotated list of works cited. Such a list includes descriptive and evaluative comments on the sources.

Sample entries used in preparing a list of works cited follow. If a source you are using does not fit any of these examples, refer to the MLA Handbook on reserve in the library.

There is a difference between a Works Cited page, a References page, and a Bibliography. A Works Cited page is a list of only those sources actually cited in your paper; in other words, if there is not a parenthetical reference to that particular source in the body of your paper, it should not be included on a Works Cited page. Sources to which you referred when researching your paper, but did not actually cite, belong on the References page. The References page may also include sources you did cite, according to your instructor’s directions. A Bibliography is the same thing as a References page, but only books may be included in a proper Bibliography. If even one of your sources is a non-book (i.e., a magazine, tape, newspaper), then the correct heading for the page is References.

 

SAMPLE WORKS CITED ENTRIES

We have identified each example for you in order to assist you in selecting the most appropriate form.  Do not include these identifications (like “One Author”) on your Reference, Works Cited, or Bibliography page(s).

ONE AUTHOR

Gallo, Robert. Virus Hunting; AIDS, Cancer, and the Human Retrovirus. New York: Basic, 1991.

TWO OR THREE AUTHORS

Moss, Joyce, and George Wilson. The Middle East and North Africa. Detroit: Gale, 1992.

 MORE THAN THREE AUTHORS

Use either the first name listed followed by, et al. ("and other") or give all names in full in the order in which they appear on the title page of source.

NO AUTHOR GIVEN

Stop the Violence; Overcoming Self Destruction. New York: Pantheon, 1990.

EDITOR OR COMPILER AS AUTHOR

Ullman, Montague, and Clair Limmer, eds. (or comps.) Variety of Dream Experience.  New York: Continuum,  1987.

CORPORATE AUTHOR

American Medical Association. Handbook of First Aid and Emergency Care. Rev. ed. New York: Random, 1990.

ENCYCLOPEDIAS - SIGNED ARTICLES

Summer, Hollis. "Literature." World Book Encyclopedia. 1990 ed.

ENCYCLOPEDIAS - UNSIGNED ARTICLES

"Census". Academic American Encyclopedia. 1989 ed.

ARTICLES FROM SINGLE OR MULTI-VOLUME WORKS

Snyder, Susan. "Beyond Comedy: Othello." William Shakespeare’s Othello. Ed. Harold Bloom.

Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1987. 23-26.

Walcutt, Charles Child. "Jack London." American Writers. Vol. 2. New York: Scribner’s Sons,

1974. 462-485.

REPRINTED ARTICLES

Include data from earliest publication, then add Rpt. in (reprinted in) and current source information.

"Ontario City Sparks Language Uproar." Star Phoenix 8 Feb. 1990. Rpt. in Editorials on

            File 12-28 Feb. 1990.

Timmerman, John H. "The Grapes of Wrath: Fifty Years Later." Rpt. in Twentieth Century

Literary Criticism.  Vol. 59. Detroit: Gale Research, 1990. 348-349.

WORKS IN COLLECTION

"William Butler Yeats." The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Fifth ed. Vol 2.  New

York: Norton, 1985. 1369-1383.

MAGAZINES - SIGNED AND UNSIGNED ARTICLES

Church, George J. "The First Aid Summit." Time 12 April 1993: 29-32.  

"Shade of Guilt."  People  22 Feb. 1993: 44.

JOURNALS

Atwater, Mary M.  "Multicultural Science Education."  Science Teacher 60.3 (1993):  33-37.

NEWSPAPERS

"Fix the County Jail."  Editorial.  Courier Post (Camden, NJ) 25 April 1993, 10E.

Mojsilovic, Julijana.  "Serbs Defiant on Eve of EC Meeting."  Philadelphia Inquirer 24 April 1993, New Jersey ed.:  A4.

OTHER PERIODICALS

"Gun Control."  Facts on File 8 April 1993: 240-241.

GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS

United States. Department of Labor. "Librarians." Occupational Outlook Handbook. 1992-93 ed.

Washington:  GPO, 1992. 137-138.

PAMPHLETS

Alcohol, Alcoholism, and the Family.  Weymouth, MA: Life Skills Education, 1991.

Malfetti, James L., and Linda L. Stampoules.  An Educational Unit on Marijuana and Traffic Safety.  

            Washington, DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 1990.

AUDIOVISUALS - In citing a filmstrip, slides, or videotape include the medium immediately after the title.

1942: A Portrait in Music. Videocassette. School of Music, Univ. of Oklahoma, 1992.  60 min.

INTERVIEWS

Rohrer, Linda.  Personal interview.  28 April 2001.

 

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