Pages 10 - 12
CITED AND/OR REFERENCES PAGE
The list of works cited comprises the last section of a research report. It is an alphabetical listing of all the sources referred to in the text of the paper. At times you may be asked to supply an annotated list of works cited. Such a list includes descriptive and evaluative comments on the sources.
Sample entries used in preparing a list of works cited follow. If a source you are using does not fit any of these examples, refer to the MLA Handbook on reserve in the library.
There is a difference between a Works Cited page, a References page, and a Bibliography. A Works Cited page is a list of only those sources actually cited in your paper; in other words, if there is not a parenthetical reference to that particular source in the body of your paper, it should not be included on a Works Cited page. Sources to which you referred when researching your paper, but did not actually cite, belong on the References page. The References page may also include sources you did cite, according to your instructor’s directions. A Bibliography is the same thing as a References page, but only books may be included in a proper Bibliography. If even one of your sources is a non-book (i.e., a magazine, tape, newspaper), then the correct heading for the page is References.
WORKS CITED ENTRIES
We have identified each example for you in order to assist you in selecting the most appropriate form. Do not include these identifications (like “One Author”) on your Reference, Works Cited, or Bibliography page(s).
Gallo, Robert. Virus Hunting; AIDS, Cancer, and the Human Retrovirus. New York: Basic, 1991.
TWO OR THREE AUTHORS
Moss, Joyce, and George Wilson. The Middle East and North Africa. Detroit: Gale, 1992.
THAN THREE AUTHORS
either the first name listed followed by, et al. ("and other") or give
all names in full in the order in which they appear on the title page of source.
NO AUTHOR GIVEN
Stop the Violence; Overcoming Self Destruction. New York: Pantheon,
EDITOR OR COMPILER AS AUTHOR
Ullman, Montague, and Clair Limmer, eds. (or comps.) Variety of Dream Experience. New York: Continuum, 1987.
American Medical Association. Handbook of First Aid and Emergency Care. Rev. ed. New York: Random, 1990.
ENCYCLOPEDIAS - SIGNED ARTICLES
Summer, Hollis. "Literature." World Book Encyclopedia. 1990 ed.
ENCYCLOPEDIAS - UNSIGNED ARTICLES
"Census". Academic American Encyclopedia. 1989 ed.
FROM SINGLE OR MULTI-VOLUME WORKS
Snyder, Susan. "Beyond Comedy: Othello." William Shakespeare’s Othello. Ed. Harold Bloom.
Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1987. 23-26.
Walcutt, Charles Child. "Jack London." American Writers. Vol. 2. New York: Scribner’s Sons,
Include data from earliest publication, then add Rpt. in (reprinted in) and current source information.
"Ontario City Sparks
Language Uproar." Star Phoenix 8
Feb. 1990. Rpt. in Editorials on
File 12-28 Feb. 1990.
Timmerman, John H. "The
Grapes of Wrath: Fifty Years Later." Rpt. in Twentieth Century
Literary Criticism. Vol. 59. Detroit: Gale Research, 1990. 348-349.
WORKS IN COLLECTION
"William Butler Yeats." The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. Fifth ed. Vol 2. New
York: Norton, 1985. 1369-1383.
- SIGNED AND UNSIGNED ARTICLES
Church, George J. "The First Aid Summit." Time 12 April 1993: 29-32.
"Shade of Guilt." People 22 Feb. 1993: 44.
Atwater, Mary M. "Multicultural Science Education." Science Teacher 60.3 (1993): 33-37.
"Fix the County Jail." Editorial. Courier Post (Camden, NJ) 25 April 1993, 10E.
Mojsilovic, Julijana. "Serbs Defiant on Eve of EC Meeting." Philadelphia Inquirer 24 April 1993, New Jersey ed.: A4.
"Gun Control." Facts on File 8 April 1993: 240-241.
United States. Department of Labor. "Librarians." Occupational Outlook Handbook. 1992-93 ed.
Washington: GPO, 1992. 137-138.
Alcohol, Alcoholism, and the Family. Weymouth, MA: Life Skills Education, 1991.
Malfetti, James L., and Linda L.
An Educational Unit on
Marijuana and Traffic Safety
Washington, DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 1990.
AUDIOVISUALS - In citing a filmstrip, slides, or videotape include the medium immediately after the title.
1942: A Portrait in Music. Videocassette. School of Music, Univ. of Oklahoma, 1992. 60 min.
Rohrer, Linda. Personal interview. 28 April 2001.
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